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Various types of trains are designed for particular purposes. A train can consist of a combination of one or more locomotives and attached railroad cars, or a self-propelled multiple unit, or occasionally a single or articulated powered coach called a railcar.

Special kinds of train running on corresponding purpose-built railways are monorails, high-speed railways, maglev, atmospheric railways, rubber-tired underground, funicular and cog railways.

The Train

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The Train

Locomotive

A train hauled using two locomotives is known as a “double-headed” train. In Canada and the United States it is quite common for a long freight train to be headed by three or more locomotives. A train with a locomotive attached at both ends is described as “top and tailed”, this practice typically being used when there are no reversing facilities available.

Designing often necessitates considering the aesthetic, functional, economic and sociopolitical dimensions of both the design object and design process. It may involve considerable research, thought, modeling, interactive adjustment, and re-design.

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