Cinema, short for cinematography, is often used to refer to the industry of films and filmmaking or to the art of filmmaking itself. The contemporary definition of cinema is the art of simulating experiences to communicate ideas, stories, perceptions, feelings, beauty or atmosphere.

As son of artists, De Niro was raised in New York's Greenwich Village. The young man made his stage debut at age 10, playing the Cowardly Lion in his school's production of The Wizard of Oz. Along with finding relief from shyness through performing, De Niro was also entranced by the movies, and he quit high school at age 16 to pursue acting.

Studying under Stella Adler and Lee Strasberg, De Niro learned how to immerse himself in a character emotionally and physically.

I always go back to how people behave. If you watch how people actually behave in a situation, it's very simple and honest and contained. You don't need to use as much expression, as much feeling. Some characters will boil over, and that's another thing, but a lot of times I think you can just do very, very little.

Robert De Niro

Video: Robert de Niro




Praised for his commitment to roles, stemming from his background in method acting, De Niro gained 60lb (27kg) and learned how to box for his role as Jake LaMotta in Raging Bull, ground his teeth for Cape Fear, lived in Sicily for The Godfather Part II, worked as a cab driver for a few weeks for Taxi Driver, and learned to play the saxophone for New York, New York. He again put on weight for his performance as Al Capone in The Untouchables (1987).

De Niro's brand of method acting includes employing whatever extreme tactic he feels is necessary to elicit the best performance from those with whom he is working. During the filming of The King of Comedy, he directed a slew of anti-Semitic epithets at co-star Jerry Lewis to enhance and authenticate the anger demonstrated by Lewis' character. According to People magazine, the technique was successful, with Lewis recalling: "I forgot the cameras were there... I was going for Bobby's throat."

Filmography

YearFilmRoleNotes
1965Three Rooms in ManhattanClient at the dinerUncredited
1968GreetingsJon Rubin
1969Sam's SongSam
1969The Wedding PartyCecilFilmed in 1963
1970Bloody MamaLloyd Barker
1970Hi, Mom!Jon Rubin
1971Jennifer on My MindMardigian, Cab driver
1971Born to WinOfficer Danny
1971The Gang That Couldn't Shoot StraightMario Trantino
1973Bang the Drum SlowlyBruce PearsonNew York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actor
1973Mean StreetsJohn 'Johnny Boy' CivelloNational Society of Film Critics Award for Best Supporting Actor
Sant Jordi Awards — win
1974The Godfather Part IIVito CorleoneAcademy Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated — BAFTA Award for Best Newcomer
1976Taxi DriverTravis BickleFotogramas de Plata for Best Foreign Performer
Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actor
New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor
Sant Jordi Awards - win
Nominated — Academy Award for Best Actor
Nominated — BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role
Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
1900Alfredo BerlinghieriSant Jordi Awards — win
1900The Last TycoonMonroe StahrSant Jordi Awards — win
1977New York, New YorkJimmy DoyleNominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
Sant Jordi Awards — win
1978The Deer HunterMichael VronskyNominated — Academy Award for Best Actor
Nominated — BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role
Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
Nominated — American Movie Awards
1980Raging BullJake LaMottaAcademy Award for Best Actor
Boston Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actor
Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
National Board of Review Award for Best Actor
New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor
Nominated — BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role
1981True ConfessionsMonsignor Desmond "Des" Spellacy
1983The King of ComedyRupert PupkinNominated — BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role
1984Once Upon a Time in AmericaDavid "Noodles" AaronsonSant Jordi Awards - Win
1984Falling in LoveFrank RaftisSant Jordi Awards - win
1985BrazilArchibald 'Harry' Tuttle
1986The MissionRodrigo Mendoza
1987Angel HeartLouis CypherSaturn Award for Best Supporting Actor
1987The UntouchablesAl Capone
1988Midnight RunJack WalshNominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
1989JacknifeJoseph 'Jacknife' Megessey
1989We're No AngelsNed
1990Stanley & IrisStanley Everett Cox
1990GoodfellasJames "Jimmy" ConwayNew York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor
Nominated — BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role
Nominated — Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
1990AwakeningsLeonard LoweNational Board of Review Award for Best Actor
New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor
Nominated — Academy Award for Best Actor
1991Guilty by SuspicionDavid Merrill
1991BackdraftDonald 'Shadow' Rimgale
1991Cape FearMaximilian "Max" CadyNominated — Academy Award for Best Actor
Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
Nominated — MTV Movie Award for Best Male Performance
Nominated — MTV Movie Award for Best Villain
1992Night and the CityHarry Fabian
1992MistressEvan M. Wright
1993A Bronx TaleLorenzo Anelloalso Director
1993Mad Dog and GloryWayne 'Mad Dog' Dobie
1993This Boy's LifeDwight Hansen
1994Mary Shelley's FrankensteinThe CreatureNominated — Saturn Award for Best Supporting Actor
1995A Hundred and One NightsLe mari de la star-fantasme en croisière
1995CasinoSam 'Ace' Rothstein
1995HeatNeil McCauley
1996The FanGilbert "Gil" RenardNominated — MTV Movie Awards Best Villain
1996SleepersFather Bobby
1996Marvin's RoomDr. WallyNominated — Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture
1997Cop LandLt. Moe Tilden
1997Jackie BrownLouis Gara
1997Wag the DogConrad Brean
1998Great ExpectationsArthur Lustig
1998RoninSam
1999Analyze ThisPaul VittiNominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
Nominated — Blockbuster Entertainment Awards
Nominated — American Comedy Awards
1999FlawlessWalter Koontz
2000The Adventures of Rocky and BullwinkleFearless Leader
2000Men of HonorChief Leslie William 'Billy' SundayNominated — Satellite Awards Best Supporting Actor
2000Meet the ParentsJack Tiberius ByrnesNominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
Nominated — American Comedy Awards
Nominated — Blockbuster Entertainment Awards
Nominated — MTV Movie Awards Best On-Screen Team Shared
200115 MinutesDet. Eddie Flemming
2001The ScoreNick Wells
2002ShowtimeDet. Mitch Preston
2002City by the SeaVincent Anthony LaMarca
2002Analyze ThatPaul Vitti
2004GodsendDr. Richard Wells
2004Shark TaleDon LinoVoice
2004Meet the FockersJack Tiberius Byrnes
2004The Bridge of San Luis ReyArchbishop of Lima
2005Hide and SeekDavid Callaway / Charlie
2006Arthur and the InvisiblesThe KingVoice (Eng. version)
2006The Good ShepherdGeneral Bill Sullivanalso director
2007StardustCaptain Shakespeare
2008Righteous KillDet. Thomas "Turk" Cowan
2008What Just HappenedBen
2009Everybody's FineFrank
2010MacheteSenator McLaughlin
2010StoneJack Mabry
2010Little FockersJack Tiberius Byrnes
2011Manuale d'amore 3Adrian
2011Killer EliteHunter
2011LimitlessCarl Van Loon
2011New Year's EveStan Harris
2012Being FlynnJonathan Flynn
2012Red LightsSimon Silver
2012FreelancersSarcone
2012Silver Linings PlaybookPat Solitano, Sr.Hollywood Film Festival Award for Best Supporting Actor
2012The Big WeddingDon Griffinpost-production
2013Last VegasPaddyfilming
2013The ComedianJackie Burkefilming
2013Killing SeasonBenjamin Fordfilming
2013Hands of StoneRay Arcelfilming
2014MotelUnknownPost-Production
2014Grudge MatchUnknownfilming
2014I heard You Paint HousesFrank SheerhanPre-Production

Quotes

Boss Paul Vitti:

Hey, I got news for you, you little two-bit prick, son-of-a-bitch, rat-bastard you did nothing for me! Whatever you did the other day didn't take! I'm still fucked up! You did fucking NOTHING for me!

Dr. Ben Sobel:

Hey, what do you expect? I saw you for five minutes! I can't work miracles, Mr. Viti! And let me tell you something, I do not appreciate it when someone sneaks into my hotel room and kidnaps me in the middle of the night. I have a life, Mr. Viti, I have a family, and I have a serious practice, and I don't have time for your BULLSHIT!... That got away from me at the end there.

De Niro had to turn down a role in The Departed (Martin Sheen taking the role instead) due to commitments with preparing The Good Shepherd. He said, "I wanted to. I wish I could've been able to, but I was preparing The Good Shepherd so much that I couldn't take the time to. I was trying to figure a way to do it while I was preparing. It just didn't seem possible."