A key aspect of architecture that Koolhaas interrogates is the Program: with the rise of modernism in the 20th century the Program became the key theme of architectural design. The notion of the Program involves an act to edit function and human activities as the pretext of architectural design: epitomised in the maxim Form follows function, first popularised by architect Louis Sullivan at the beginning of the 20th century.


Designing often necessitates considering the aesthetic, functional, economic and sociopolitical dimensions of both the design object and design process. It may involve considerable research, thought, modeling, interactive adjustment, and re-design.
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