After the phenomenal success of Gehry's design for the Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao, Spain, critics began referring to the economic and cultural revitalization of cities through iconic, innovative architecture as the Bilbao effect. In the first 12 months after the museum was opened, an estimated US$160 million were added to the Basque economy.
Frank Owen Gehry, is an architect, residing in Los Angeles. A number of his buildings, including his private residence, have become world-renowned attractions. His works are cited as being among the most important works of contemporary architecture in the World Architecture Survey.