Typography is the art and technique of arranging type in order to make language visible.
Anatomy of a Typeface:
fonts and typefaces were two different things — the typeface was the specific design of the letters, say Times New Roman or Baskerville; while the font referred to the particular size or style of that typeface, say 10 point regular or 24 point italic (each created as its own collection of cast metal letters and other characters).
Opening at the end of an open counter
A horizontal stroke not connected on one or both ends.
An upward vertical stroke found on lowercase letters that extends above the typeface’s x-height.
The invisible line where letters sit.
A curved stroke that encloses a letter’s counter.
Fully or partially enclosed space within a letter.
A horizontal stroke.
A downward vertical stroke found on lowercase letters that extends below the baseline.
An angled stroke.
A small stroke projecting from the upper right bowl of some lowercase g’s.
A tapered or curved end.
The thin strokes of a serif typeface.
Two or more letters are joined together to form one glyph.
A stroke that connects the top and bottom bowls of lowercase double-story g’s.
The enclosed or partially enclosed counter below the baseline of a double-story g.
The smaller form of letters in a typeface.
“Feet” or non-structural details at the ends of some strokes.
A curved stroke originating from a stem.
Uppercase characters that appear as a smaller size than the capital height of a typeface. Short for “small capitals”.
The main curved stroke for a capital and lowercase s.
A small projection from a curved stroke.
Primary vertical stroke.
A descending stroke, often decorative.
The end of a stroke that lacks a serif.
A letter or group of letters of the size and form generally used to begin sentences and proper nouns. Also known as “capital letters”.
The height of the main body of a lowercase letter.