Design has different connotations in different fields. In some cases, the direct construction of an object (as in pottery, engineering, management, coding, and graphic design) is also considered to use design thinking.
Bruno Paul was the most versatile artist in between all german artists and createurs, who created the “modern”: as a young man he coined/shaped with his book- and magazin-illustrations the language of “fin de siecle”. Later he built countless mansions, purchase palaces, multistoried buildings and bridges, sketched marvelous interieurs and furniture unicums, equipped elegant ships, engaged himselves in the avant-garde art circles, sketched the first prefabricated building, was one of the founders of the german work federation, and worked as well as a professor. One of his pupils was Ludwig Mies van der Rohe.
As a designer, Bruno Paul provided more than 2,000 furniture patterns to the Vereinigte Werkstätten. He also designed furniture for Deutsche Werkstätten Hellerau as well as designing ship interiors for the Norddeutscher Lloyd, Pianos for Ibach, and streetcars for the city of Berlin. Paul’s most historically significant furniture design was the Typenmöbel of 1908, the first example of modern, unit furniture conceived to allow an unlimited number of combinations of standardized, machine-made elements. Like much of his work, the Typenmöbel was widely published in contemporary professional journals.