In October 1945 Pollock married his long term lover Lee Krasner and in November they moved to Springs on Long Island, New York. Their home in Springs was typical of the area, a wood-frame house with a nearby barn that Pollock made into a studio. It was there that he perfected the technique of working spontaneously with liquid paint.
He began painting with his canvases on the floor, and developed what was called his drip (or his preferred term, pour) technique. He used his brushes as implements for dripping paint, and the brush never touched the canvas. Pollock’s technique of pouring and dripping paint is thought to be one of the origins of the term Action Painting.
In the process of making paintings in this way he moved away from figurative representation, and challenged the Western tradition of using easel and brush, as well as moving away from use only of the hand and wrist; as he used his whole body to paint.