The .50 BMG cartridge is also used in long-range target and sniper rifles, as well as other .50-caliber machine guns. The use in single-shot and semi-automatic rifles has resulted in many specialized match-grade rounds not used in .50-caliber machine guns.
A McMillan Tac-50 .50 BMG sniper rifle was used by Canadian Army Corporal Rob Furlong of the PPCLI to achieve what was then the longest-range confirmed sniper kill in history, when he shot a combatant at 2,430 meters (2,657 yards) during the 2002 campaign .
This record was surpassed in 2009 by a British sniper with 2,475 meters (2,707 yards) though using a .338 Lapua Magnum (8.58×70 mm) rifle.